There is a growing body of research that highlights the relationship between the quality of management, workplace practices and workplace leadership in improving workplace performance. This review synthesises available research and identifies gaps in knowledge. It provides a valuable foundation of knowledge that will inform the Centre’s research activities and identify opportunities for new and innovative leadership development programs that can assist Australian workplaces to develop management and leadership capabilities required to meet current and future challenges. The Review explores the skills and capabilities individuals require to be effective leaders and how these can be acquired. It examines different leadership styles and the outcomes, both positive and negative, for employees, teams and organisations. The review concludes that leadership skills and capabilities can be learned, and it explores how these can be developed through different approaches and interventions.